Humoral immune responses to Plasmodium vivax subtelomeric transmembrane proteins in Thailand.
Sungkapong T., Culleton R., Yahata K., Tachibana M., Ruengveerayuth R., Udomsangpetch R., Torii M., Tsuboi T., Sattabongkot J., Kaneko O., Chotivanich K.
Plasmodium vivax subtelomeric transmembrane protein (PvSTP) is a homolog of P. falciparum SURFIN4.2', a protein exposed on the parasite-infected erythrocyte (iE) surface, and is thus considered to be exposed on P. vivax-iE. Because antibodies targeting antigens located on the surface of P. falciparum-iE, such as P. falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1, play an important role in regulating the course of disease, we evaluated the presence of antibodies in P. vivax-infected patients against two PvSTP paralogs, PvSTP1 and PvSTP2. Recombinant proteins corresponding to cysteine-rich domain (CRD) of the PvSTP extracellular region and the cytoplasmic region (CYT) were generated and used for the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Plasma samples (n = 70) reacted positively with recombinant PvSTP1-CRD (40%), PvSTP1-CYT (31%), PvSTP2-CRD (27%), and PvSTP2-CYT (56%), suggesting that PvSTP1 and -2 are naturally immunogenic. Specific response against either PvSTP1 or PvSTP2 indicates the existence of specific antibodies for either PvSTP1 or -2.