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Plasmodium vivax subtelomeric transmembrane protein (PvSTP) is a homolog of P. falciparum SURFIN4.2', a protein exposed on the parasite-infected erythrocyte (iE) surface, and is thus considered to be exposed on P. vivax-iE. Because antibodies targeting antigens located on the surface of P. falciparum-iE, such as P. falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1, play an important role in regulating the course of disease, we evaluated the presence of antibodies in P. vivax-infected patients against two PvSTP paralogs, PvSTP1 and PvSTP2. Recombinant proteins corresponding to cysteine-rich domain (CRD) of the PvSTP extracellular region and the cytoplasmic region (CYT) were generated and used for the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Plasma samples (n = 70) reacted positively with recombinant PvSTP1-CRD (40%), PvSTP1-CYT (31%), PvSTP2-CRD (27%), and PvSTP2-CYT (56%), suggesting that PvSTP1 and -2 are naturally immunogenic. Specific response against either PvSTP1 or PvSTP2 indicates the existence of specific antibodies for either PvSTP1 or -2.


Journal article


The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health

Publication Date





1313 - 1321


Department of Clinical Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.


Humans, Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Malaria, Vivax, Membrane Proteins, Protozoan Proteins, Antibodies, Protozoan, Antimalarials, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Statistics, Nonparametric, Adolescent, Adult, Middle Aged, Thailand, Female, Male, Immunity, Humoral