Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BackgroundSignaling pathways in the STAT4 gene play an essential role in interferon-mediated antiviral effects.ObjectiveThis study was aimed at investigating the role of rs7574865, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in STAT4, in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treated with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN).MethodsA total 261 Thai patients (115 HBeAg-positive and 146 HBeAg-negative CHB) treated with 48-week PEG-IFN were recruited. Virological response (VR) at 48 weeks post treatment was defined as HBeAg seroconversion plus HBV DNA < 2,000 IU/mL for HBeAg-positive CHB and HBV DNA < 2,000 IU/mL for HBeAg-negative CHB. The SNP was analyzed by TaqMan PCR assay.ResultsThe distribution of GG, GT and TT genotypes of rs7574865 was 41.8%, 42.9% and 15.3%, respectively. There was no different in its distribution according to HBeAg status. Overall, patients with TT genotype, compared with non-TT genotype, achieved higher VR (64.3% vs. 30.5%; P < 0.001) and HBsAg clearance (23.8% vs. 5.0%; P < 0.001). There was the same trend in the HBeAg-positive group (VR, 52.4% vs. 30.9%; P = 0.077; HBsAg clearance, 23.8% vs. 6.4%; P = 0.028) and in the HBeAg-negative group (VR, 68.4% vs. 32.3%; P = 0.004; HBsAg clearance, 21.1% vs. 4.7%; P = 0.026). Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that low baseline HBsAg level and TT genotype were factors independently associated with VR and HBsAg clearance.ConclusionsOur data support that SNP rs7574865 is associated with response to PEG-IFN therapy in Thai patients with CHB, regardless of baseline HBeAg status. Thus, the determination of this SNP could maximize cost-effectiveness of PEGIFN in patients with CHB.

Original publication




Journal article


Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology

Publication Date





87 - 93


Center of Excellence in Hepatitis and Liver Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.


Humans, Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis B, Chronic, Polyethylene Glycols, Interferon-alpha, Recombinant Proteins, DNA, Viral, Antiviral Agents, Treatment Outcome, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, STAT4 Transcription Factor