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The aim of this study was to estimate the economic burden of typhoid fever in Pemba, Zanzibar, East Africa. This study was an incidence-based cost-of-illness analysis from a societal perspective. It covered new episodes of blood culture-confirmed typhoid fever in patients presenting at the outpatient or inpatient departments of three district hospitals between May 2010 and December 2010. Cost of illness was the sum of direct costs and costs for productivity loss. Direct costs covered treatment, travel, and meals. Productivity costs were loss of income by patients and caregivers. The analysis included 17 episodes. The mean age of the patients, was 23 years (range=5-65, median=22). Thirty-five percent were inpatients, with a mean of 4.75 days of hospital stay (range=3-7, median=4.50). The mean cost for treatment alone during hospital care was US$ 21.97 at 2010 prices (US$ 1=1,430.50 Tanzanian Shilling─TSH). The average societal cost was US$ 154.47 per typhoid episode. The major expenditure was productivity cost due to lost wages of US$ 128.02 (83%). Our results contribute to the further economic evaluation of typhoid fever vaccination in Zanzibar and other sub-Saharan African countries.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Journal of health, population, and nutrition

Publication Date

09/2014

Volume

32

Pages

377 - 385

Addresses

Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Keywords

Humans, Typhoid Fever, Incidence, Cost of Illness, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Middle Aged, Child, Child, Preschool, Hospitals, District, Health Care Costs, Efficiency, Organizational, Africa South of the Sahara, Tanzania, Indian Ocean Islands, Female, Male, Young Adult