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<ns4:p><ns4:bold>Background</ns4:bold> <ns4:bold>:</ns4:bold> Natural <ns4:italic>Wolbachia </ns4:italic>infections in malaria mosquitoes were recently reported in Africa, and negatively correlated with the development of <ns4:italic>Plasmodium falciparum</ns4:italic> in the vectors. The occurrence and effects of <ns4:italic>Wolbachia </ns4:italic>infections outside Africa have not been described and may have been underestimated.</ns4:p><ns4:p> <ns4:bold>Methods</ns4:bold> <ns4:bold>:</ns4:bold> Mosquitoes were collected by human-landing catch during May and June 2017 in ten villages in Kayin state, Myanmar. Closely related species of malaria vectors were identified with molecular assays. 16S rRNA <ns4:italic>Wolbachia</ns4:italic> DNA sequences were detected with quantitative real-time PCR.</ns4:p><ns4:p> <ns4:bold>Results:</ns4:bold> Low titer of <ns4:italic>Wolbachia </ns4:italic>DNA was detected in 13/370 samples in six malaria vector species. Sequences were diverse and different from those described in the African malaria mosquitoes.</ns4:p><ns4:p> <ns4:bold>Conclusion:</ns4:bold> The detection of <ns4:italic>Wolbachia</ns4:italic> DNA in malaria mosquitoes from Kayin state warrants further investigations to understand better the ecology and biology of <ns4:italic>Anopheles</ns4:italic>-<ns4:italic>Wolbachia</ns4:italic> interactions in Southeast Asia.</ns4:p>

Original publication

DOI

10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15005.4

Type

Journal article

Journal

Wellcome Open Research

Publisher

F1000 Research Ltd

Publication Date

05/11/2019

Volume

4

Pages

11 - 11