Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.
Skip to main content

Patients with melioidosis may present with recurrent infections after clinical resolution of their primary illness. Because there has been no satisfactory typing scheme for Pseudomonas pseudomallei, recrudescence could not be distinguished from reinfection. We determined the strain identity of primary and relapse isolates of P. pseudomallei from 25 patients with culture-proven melioidosis to answer whether secondary infections were due to the initial infecting strain or to the acquisition of a new strain. Fifty-four isolates were compared by the patterns of BamHI restriction digests produced after hybridization with a cDNA copy of Escherichia coli rRNA. Twenty-three patients had primary and relapse isolates with identical or highly similar ribotype patterns. The patterns of isolates from two patients were different; the primary and relapse isolates differed by a single fragment for one, and the other had identical primary and first-relapse isolates while the second-relapse isolate was markedly different. The results indicated that recurrent infection probably resulted from endogenous relapse in most of the melioidosis patients studied, although reinfection from an exogenous source was also possible in two cases.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Journal of clinical microbiology

Publication Date

06/1993

Volume

31

Pages

1592 - 1596

Addresses

Tropical Health Program, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Keywords

Humans, Burkholderia pseudomallei, Melioidosis, Recurrence, DNA, Bacterial, RNA Probes, Bacterial Typing Techniques, Species Specificity, Thailand